Avionics News July 2019 - 63

CO2 emissions of international flights by Jan. 1, 2019,
have participation representing 90% of total international
since the 2019 and 2020 data will be used to establish
fuel consumption in 2017, based on U.S. Department of
the baseline for determining future carbon offsetting
Transportation's Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
requirements.
Although CORSIA participation is a requirement of
The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme,
ICAO member states, it is still considered by the FAA to
Swiss ETS, and other programs currently in use or
be a voluntary program for U.S. aircraft operators. This
temporarily on hold follow similar requirements of
is due in part to the lengthy rulemaking process required
the new ICAO SARPs. The EU-ETS, for example,
to establish new regulatory burdens on U.S. entities.
was temporarily suspended in
Mandatory reporting and offsetting
2012 for flights operating from
requirements will require formal
or to non-EEA (28 EU member
rulemaking to fully implement in
states plus the three European
the U.S.
ALTHOUGH
CORSIA
Economic Area-European Free
This is similar to the current
Trade Association Sates of Iceland,
status
of safety management
PARTICIPATION IS
Liechtenstein and Norway)
systems. While SMS is required
A REQUIREMENT
countries - a "stop the clock
by the FAA for certain aviation
OF
ICAO
MEMBER
measure" - in part to allow for
organizations, others are not
implementation of CORSIA. EUyet subject to the FAA's SMS
STATES, IT IS STILL
ETS is applicable to intra-EEA
regulations. However, SMS is
CONSIDERED BY
operations through December
mandatory for all ICAO member
THE
FAA
TO
BE
A
2023, when the EU will consider
states.
the effectiveness of and overall
Aircraft operators - including
VOLUNTARY PROGRAM
participation in CORSIA.
those who operate under 14 CFR
FOR U.S. AIRCRAFT
The FAA published Notice of
Parts 91, 121 and 135 - that
OPERATORS.
CORSIA Monitoring, Reporting,
produce annual CO2 emissions
and Verification Program in March
greater than 10,000 tons from
2019. The notice outlines the
international flights are subject
FAA's CORSIA MRV program and
to CORSIA participation. An
provides participation information
international flight is defined as
for U.S. operators. In its notice, the FAA states adoption
"the operation of an aircraft from takeoff at an aerodrome
of CORSIA will ensure "fair and reciprocal commercial
of a state or its territories and landing at an aerodrome
competition by avoiding patchwork of country- or
of another state or its territories." Certain flights are
regionally-based regulatory measures," adding these
excluded from this calculation, including:
measures may be inconsistently applied, bureaucratically
*	 Domestic flights.
costly, and economically damaging.
*	 Humanitarian, medical, and firefighting
Interestingly, the FAA adds "continued U.S. support
operations, including positioning flights related to
for CORSIA assumes a high level of participation by
these activities.
other countries, particularly countries with significant
*	 Operations in an aircraft with a maximum takeoff
aviation activity as well as a final CORSIA package
weight equal to or less than 5,700 kilograms
that is acceptable to, and implementable by, the United
(12,566 pounds).
States."
*	 Operations on behalf of the U.S. military, provided
The FAA's notice includes eligible monitoring methods
the flight place is properly marked.
and an emissions monitoring plan template.
All helicopter operations are also exempted from
The FAA encourages operators to participate to ensure
CORSIA.
a critical mass of data; however, the FAA will submit an
However, it's in an operator's best interest to begin
estimate of non-reported emissions from operators that
monitoring CO2 emissions, which may be subject to
choose not to participate when submitting aggregated
emissions reports to the ICAO. The agency's goal is to
Continued on following page
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Avionics News July 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Avionics News July 2019

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Avionics News July 2019 - Intro
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Avionics News July 2019 - Cover2
Avionics News July 2019 - 1
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Avionics News July 2019 - Cover3
Avionics News July 2019 - Cover4
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