Avionics News August 2019 - 22

industry

IN A GPS-DEPENDENT
SOCIETY, RELIABILITY
AND VULNERABILITY
ARE PARAMOUNT
S T O R Y

T

hink anyone associated with the
initial Transit satellite navigation
system had even the smallest
inkling of what that system started?
Inaugurated in 1965 to help U.S.
submarines navigate, the Transit system,
starting in 1978, was replaced by the
first satellites of the Pentagon's then-new
Global Positioning System network - GPS.
Finally declared fully operational in
1993 - that is, usable 24/7 throughout the
year - the GPS constellation provided global
navigation coverage usable by anyone with a
compatible GPS receiver. The same applies to the
other global navigation satellite systems such as
22

avionics news

*

august

2019

B Y

D A V E

H I G D O N

Europe's Galileo and Russia's GLONASS.
Know exactly where you are - at least as
calculated by a navigation receiver using
one of those GNSS constellations. While
originally geared to fulfilling military needs,
these various GNSS quickly became the
darlings of users of many other endeavors
needing precision-navigation abilities,
anywhere, anytime.
GPS is, in the 21st century, a product, a
system and a tool, one which reaches into
virtually every level of modern life. It's this very
success that helped make GPS a factor in so many
more needs than simple navigation.
And in many of those spots it touches, the use of the



Avionics News August 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Avionics News August 2019

No label
Avionics News August 2019 - Intro
Avionics News August 2019 - No label
Avionics News August 2019 - Cover2
Avionics News August 2019 - 1
Avionics News August 2019 - 2
Avionics News August 2019 - 3
Avionics News August 2019 - 4
Avionics News August 2019 - 5
Avionics News August 2019 - 6
Avionics News August 2019 - 7
Avionics News August 2019 - 8
Avionics News August 2019 - 9
Avionics News August 2019 - 10
Avionics News August 2019 - 11
Avionics News August 2019 - 12
Avionics News August 2019 - 13
Avionics News August 2019 - 14
Avionics News August 2019 - 15
Avionics News August 2019 - 16
Avionics News August 2019 - 17
Avionics News August 2019 - 18
Avionics News August 2019 - 19
Avionics News August 2019 - 20
Avionics News August 2019 - 21
Avionics News August 2019 - 22
Avionics News August 2019 - 23
Avionics News August 2019 - 24
Avionics News August 2019 - 25
Avionics News August 2019 - 26
Avionics News August 2019 - 27
Avionics News August 2019 - 28
Avionics News August 2019 - 29
Avionics News August 2019 - 30
Avionics News August 2019 - 31
Avionics News August 2019 - 32
Avionics News August 2019 - 33
Avionics News August 2019 - 34
Avionics News August 2019 - 35
Avionics News August 2019 - 36
Avionics News August 2019 - 37
Avionics News August 2019 - 38
Avionics News August 2019 - 39
Avionics News August 2019 - 40
Avionics News August 2019 - 41
Avionics News August 2019 - 42
Avionics News August 2019 - 43
Avionics News August 2019 - 44
Avionics News August 2019 - 45
Avionics News August 2019 - 46
Avionics News August 2019 - 47
Avionics News August 2019 - 48
Avionics News August 2019 - 49
Avionics News August 2019 - 50
Avionics News August 2019 - 51
Avionics News August 2019 - 52
Avionics News August 2019 - 53
Avionics News August 2019 - 54
Avionics News August 2019 - 55
Avionics News August 2019 - 56
Avionics News August 2019 - 57
Avionics News August 2019 - 58
Avionics News August 2019 - 59
Avionics News August 2019 - 60
Avionics News August 2019 - 61
Avionics News August 2019 - 62
Avionics News August 2019 - 63
Avionics News August 2019 - 64
Avionics News August 2019 - 65
Avionics News August 2019 - 66
Avionics News August 2019 - 67
Avionics News August 2019 - 68
Avionics News August 2019 - 69
Avionics News August 2019 - 70
Avionics News August 2019 - 71
Avionics News August 2019 - 72
Avionics News August 2019 - Cover3
Avionics News August 2019 - Cover4
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/58-4
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/58-3
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/58-2
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/58-1
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-12
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-11
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-10
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-9
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-8
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-7
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-6
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-5
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-4
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-3
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-2
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/57-1
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-12
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-11
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-10
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-9
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-8
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-7
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-6
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-5
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-4
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-3
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-2
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/56-1
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-12
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-11
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-10
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-9
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-8
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-7
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-6
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-5
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-4
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-3
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-02
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/55-01
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-12
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-11
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-10
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-9
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-8
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-7
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-6
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-5
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-4
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-3
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-2
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/54-1
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-12
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-11
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-10
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-9
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-8
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-7
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-6
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-5
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-4
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-3
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-2
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/53-1
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/52-12
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/52-11
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/52-10
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/52-9
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/avne/52-8
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/52-7
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/52-6
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/52-5
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/52-4
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/52-3
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/52-2
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/52-1
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-12
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-11
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-10
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-9
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-8
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-7
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-6
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-5
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-4
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-3
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-2
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/51-1
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-12
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-11
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-10
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-9
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-8
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-7
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-6
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-5
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-4
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-3
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-2
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/50-1
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-12
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-11
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-10
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-9
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-8
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-7
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-6
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-5
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-4
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-3
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-2
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/49-1
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/48-12
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/avne/48-11
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com