Crop Insurance Today - 6

nia continued, the rest of the Western coastal
states had begun to recover, as did the Southwest.
The United States experienced a record warm
fall season, however, the fall was one of extreme
contrast in terms of precipitation. Drought conditions worsened in much of the Southeast.
Continued hot and dry conditions resulted in
late November wildfires, meanwhile Hurricane
Matthew and tropical rainfall plagued the Atlantic region and resulted in record flooding in
North Carolina.
Harvest was completed in the Midwest with
intermittent rain delays. The Northeast received
moderate precipitation providing some relief
from the region's severe drought conditions.
In the Pacific Northwest and northern California, rains in October provided much-needed
moisture to the area. Unfortunately, Southern
California continued to struggle with a fiveyear drought, with little relief from occasional
fall rains.
The fall harvest progressed nicely with 98
percent of the spring wheat out of the fields by
September 18. By October 2, farmers had harvested 26 percent of the soybean crop and 24
percent of the corn crop. By the end of October,
75 percent of the corn crop had been harvested
and 87 percent of the soybean crop. By the end of
November, the harvest was winding down as the
December winter weather approached. Overall
97 percent of the nation's soybean crop had been
harvested by November 13; 97 percent of the
corn crop by November 20; and 77 percent of the
cotton crop by November 27.
An increase in acres planted to corn, combined with a record yield of 174.6 bushels per
acre, resulted in U.S. corn production increasing by 11.4 percent in 2016. While corn acreage
increased, the area planted to other feed grains
such as barley and grain sorghum declined resulting in a corresponding decrease in production of those crops.
Soybeans had another record year in 2016
with production reaching 4.307 billion bushels,
9.7 percent greater than last year. The record crop
was the result of a combination of a record level of
planted acres, 83.4 million, and a record yield of
52 bushels per acre. Other oil seed acreages were
down, but yields were up resulting in an overall
production increase. Spring wheat production
declined, upland cotton production increased
substantially from 2015, the production of all dry
hay decreased, rice production increased, and the
production of dry edible beans declined.
6

MAY2017

Figure 1 Winter 2015/2016 (Dec-Feb)
Statewide Precipitation Ranks, 1895-2016

Record
Driest
(1)

Much
Below
Average

Below
Average

Near
Average

Above
Average

Much
Above
Average

Record
Wettest
(121)

Figure 2 Spring 2016 (Mar-May)
Statewide Precipitation Ranks, 1895-2016

Record
Driest
(1)

Much
Below
Average

Below
Average

Near
Average

U.S. production of principal fresh vegetables was reported to be about the same as 2015
at 400 million cwt. for 2016. The value of the 24
principle fresh vegetables reported by NASS in
an annual summary report was estimated from
individual statistics to be down seven percent.

Above
Average

Much
Above
Average

Record
Wettest
(122)

And continuing a downward trend, utilized citrus production for the 2015-16 season was down
six percent from the previous year.
The increase in production of major crops
continued to drive high carryover stocks and
lower prices. With the increase in stocks, 2016



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