Doll News Spring 2020 - 141

during this time period which influenced materials
and construction methods for toys and dolls. 
The dolls of Isobel's childhood era were made of
celluloid, wax, early composition, china, bisque,
cloth, wood, papier mache, and metal.
Celluloid was an experimental material, an
early type of plastic, that was used for making
dolls in the early 20th century. Wax dolls continued
to be available as well.  Wax, reinforced with resin,
was poured directly into a mold, or a head made
of another material, such as papier mache, was
dipped in wax to give it a more lifelike complexion.
Composition was a popular material for doll
heads of this time. China Dolls, though waning in
popularity, continued to be manufactured to good
Club display of Edwardian Bisque Dolls
advantage. The Bisque Dolls of this era were well
represented, as it was the height of their popularity. 
Represented in our display are many German
bisque dolls, with a few originating from France. 
The Dolly Face is evident, as well as Character
dolls and babies.  Some of the smaller dolls are
all-bisque, while larger dolls have bodies made
of other materials such as composition, stuffed
leather, and stuffed cloth. Cloth Dolls were also
seeing innovations during this time, most notably
with lithograth printing.  Art Fabric Mills dolls,
purchased as a sheet of printed fabric, were cut
out, sewn, stuffed, and dressed at home. Topsy
Turvy dolls were made by Bruckner for Horsman
Club members: Kathy Moore, Karen Humbert, Jennifer
circa 1909, with lithographed and pressed heads. 
Stewart, and Maria Vaughan
Martha Chase made dolls with oil paint covered
cloth heads. Dolls made of Wood continued
to be available.  An American toy company,
Schoenhut, had just begun to add dolls to their
line in 1911. Papier Mache is another material
used in doll making for decades that continued
to be available during this time. Metal Head
Dolls were made during the Edwardian period. 
Examples show painted, as well as inserted,
eyes. Many have molded hair.
We ladies of the Antique Doll Study
Club of Oregon were delighted to visit
with Isobel Zimmerman in her Edwardian
era for Smithsonian Museum Day on
Isobel's sisters' doll trunks on display in a bedroom of the
September 21st, 2019.
Zimmerman House

DOLL NEWS * UFDC.ORG

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Doll News Spring 2020

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