2016 Glossary - 10

the container holding the liquid. A surface tension-
dependent phenomenon.
cap splint n: a plastic or metallic device that is cemented on to the clinical crowns; used to treat upper or
lower jaw fractures.
capsular fibrosis n: as related to the temporomandibular joint, a contracture of the capsular ligament due
to a fibrotic change.
capsular ligament n: referencing the temporomandibular joint it is a thin, loose, envelope-like fibrous
band of tissue that connects the head of the mandible's condyle with the glenoid fossa. It is attached
superiorly to the circumference of the glenoid fossa,
anteriorly to the articular tubercle, and inferiorly to
the condyle of the mandible.
cast n: a positive reproduction of a needed shape created by pouring a material that hardens into a mold,
matrix, or impression of the needed shape.
cast clasp n: a clasp of a metal framework removable
partial denture fabricated using the lost-wax technique.
cast connector n: a (cast) metal part of a fixed dental
prosthesis that joins the abutment(s) and pontic(s).
cast metal core n: the base restoration (core) indirectly made by using a lost-wax casting technique for
the purpose of supporting a fixed dental prosthesis.
It will be cemented or bonded to the native tooth
structure.
cast relator n: an instrument that orients opposing
dental models in an arbitrary manner without correlation to anatomic landmarks.
cast, study or diagnostic n: a positive reproduction of
the teeth and associated structures formed by pouring dental stone or dental plaster into a matrix or
impression. It is made for the purpose of evaluating
dental structures and occlusal analysis.
castable n: a material that can be casted. The material
can be in a liquid state due to heating or mixing a
powder and a liquid; once poured or injected into a
mold it solidifies.
castable ceramic n: regarding dentistry, a glass-ceramic material that can be cast using the lost-wax
10

process technique and maintains the properties of a
restorative material for function.
casting n: a reproduction of an object formed by pouring or injecting a fluid into a mold that then becomes
a solid.
cast v: the technique or process of pouring or injecting
a fluid into a mold that then solidifies creating a replicate of the molded object.
casting ring n: a metal cylinder in which a refractory
pattern is made and used in the casting process for a
dental prosthesis.
casting wax n: a wax composite with acceptable characteristics that can be used for making wax patterns
that are placed in an investing material. Then, once
the investment has set, heat is applied and the wax
is "lost" from the investment. The investment is
then subject to the casting process where a liquid is
poured into the investment to replace the lost wax.
The liquid solidifies and the investment material is
then removed, leaving a casted object that is a duplicate of the wax pattern.
CAT: computerized axial tomography.
cautery n: applying a caustic substance, electric current, hot instrument, or other agent to burn or destroy tissue and control bleeding during surgery.
From the Greek term kauterion, meaning branding
iron.
cavernous resorption n: see under resorption.
cavity varnish n: an organic solvent (chloroform or
ether) that contains a mixture of copal resin or other
synthetic resins and is used to protect a tooth from
the constituents of the restorative material(s).
cellulitis n: a widespread inflammation; usually related
to an inflammatory condition contained within loose
subcutaneous tissue. Often associated with a bacterial infection and is frequently a precursor to abscess
formation.
cementoenamel junction n: the meeting point on any
tooth between the root cementum and the crown
enamel. See also junction.
cementogenesis n: the creation or development of
cementum.



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