2016 Glossary - 19
tended occlusal loading; unplanned forces from the
tongue or other oral tissues; mastication; and alveolar/osseous distortion. The application of intentional
occlusal forces is designated 1 of 3 types of loading:
immediate, progressive, or delayed.
dental implant system n: dental implant kit designed
for the placement of the dental implant(s) and subsequent attachments of abutments that facilitate the
retention of the dental prosthesis. The term can denote a specific concept, inventor(s), or patent(s).
dental impression n: an imprint made within the oral
cavity to produce a replica of the structure of interest used to make a record or to manufacture a dental
restoration or prosthesis.
dental impression wax n: a thermoplastic material
used for making a dental impression.
dental plaster n: a slightly hydrated powder of beta
calcium sulfate made from gypsum that forms a
quick-setting paste when mixed with water. Used in
dentistry to make casts. The beta form of calcium sulfate is an aggregate of irregularly shaped porous fine
crystals. Also known as plaster of paris.
dental prosthesis n: a fixed or removable appliance
used to replace 1 or more missing teeth and/or associated dental/alveolar structures. See also prosthesis.
dental senescence n: the deterioration of teeth or other structures within the oral cavity associated with
the aging process.
dental stone n: a slightly hydrated powder of alpha
calcium sulfate that forms a dense stonelike material
when mixed with water. Used in dentistry to make
casts. The alpha form of calcium sulfate is denser and
superior to the beta form because the alpha form
contains pieces and crystals in the form of rods or
dentin n: a dense substance that forms the bulk and
body of a tooth that surrounds the pulp. It is beneath
the enamel and radicular cementum. It is similar to
bone but harder. Also spelled dentine.
dentinoenamel junction n: see under junction.
dentofacial orthopedics n: the branch of dentistry
that deals with the prevention and correction of abnormal jaw and tooth relationships, often by surgery.
dentulous adj: having natural teeth present in the oral
denture n: a prosthetic device used to replace 1 or more
teeth. A fixed partial denture may be bonded or cemented on adjacent teeth or implants and cannot be
removed by the patient. A removable overdenture,
partial denture, or full denture may rest on remaining
teeth, retained roots, implants, or completely on soft
tissue for support and stability.
denture base n: the gingiva-colored portion of the
denture that is supported by the underlying soft tissue and holds the denture teeth
denture base material n: the substance used to make
the gingival (pink) portion of a removable plate or
frame that supports artificial teeth.
denture border n: (1) the periphery of the denture
base at the point where the polished surface and the
intaglio surface meet; (2) the facial, lingual, and posterior periphery of a denture base.
denture characterization n: alteration of the texture
and color of the denture base and teeth to create a
more natural appearance.
denture curing v: the procedure used to polymerize
and harden the acrylic materials that form a denture.
denture design n: the intended outline form used
when fabricating a removable dental prosthesis for
the purpose of replacing natural teeth with artificial
teeth in a way that meets the clinician's and patient's
expectations regarding function and esthetics.
denture esthetics n: the appearance of a dental prosthesis worn by the patient. The goal is a prosthesis
that is proper and attractive for the patient.
denture flange n: the portion of the denture base that
extends into the soft tissue vestibule. It runs from the
cervical ends of the prosthetic teeth to the edge of
the denture's border.
denture foundation n: the soft tissue oral structures
that support a dental prosthesis that replaces missing natural teeth with artificial teeth.