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blade, ramus frame-that are embedded and integrated or fixed in the bone for stabilization of the
superstructured prosthetics.
flange n: a rim used for strength, for directing or connecting to another segment of an object. The portion of denture material protruding into the buccal,
lingual, or labial tissue area of a denture.
flange contour n: the design of the extension of a denture shape or form of a protuberance or extension of
a denture tissue surface.
flap n: a loosened portion of tissue usually intestinally separated from the adjacent tissues except at the
base.
flask n: a container used in investing procedures, usually a metal case or tube.
flask closure n: a process by which 2 halves, or parts, of
a flask are brought together.
flasking v: before the final molding preparation of the
denture, this process is the act of investing the wax
replica of the anticipated form into a flask.
flipper n: a prosthesis that is usually considered to be
temporary in design. It traditionally has one tooth
attached to an acrylic base typically without clasps,
although wrought wire clasps may used for additional retention.
flowing composite resin n: compared with a conventional composite resin, this type of resin has less filler
and less viscosity but improved wettability.
foliate papilla n: see under papilla.
foramen n: a natural opening or passageway, specifically into or through a bone.
foreign-body reaction n: in gingiva or mucosa around
a prosthesis this may appear as acute or chronic inflammation and can generate red, red/white or tattoos, or pus-producing lesions.
forward protrusion n: an anterior or frontward protuberance of the centric position.
fossa n: a hallow anatomic pit, concavity, depression,
groove, or depression.
foveae palatinae n: two depressions found in the posterior portion of the palatal mucosa, one on each
side of the midline, either at or in close proximity to
the place where the soft and hard palates meet.

fracture v: to result in a fracture; to split up, rupture,
or tear.
fracture strength n: durability or strength of a specimen that is a function of its original configuration.
framework n: (1) a structural support used to sustain
another object or objects; (2) the metal or ceramic
skeletal part of a dental prosthesis about which are
attached the remaining segments of the prosthesis.
free gingival adj: the aspect of the gingival tissue surrounding the tooth and not directly attached to the
surface of the tooth.
fremitus n: a vibration that can be observed visibly or
is perceivable on palpation; in dentistry, the movement of a tooth that is felt when the teeth come into
contact.
frenectomy (frenulectomy, frenotomy) n: surgical
detachment and/or excision of a frenulum from its
attachment into the mucoperiosteal covering of the
alveolar process.
frenulum n: a small strip or fold of integument or mucous membrane that restricts the movements of an
adjacent structure.
friction retained pin n: a metal dowel placed into a
hole drilled by the clinician in the dentin to enhance
retention of a restoration; it is retained exclusively by
the elasticity of the tooth's dentin.
full-denture prosthetics n: (1) substitution of the natural teeth in the arch and the related parts by manmade alternatives, including but not limited to acrylics, alloys, and porcelain; (2) the discipline rebuilding
an edentulous mouth.
full-thickness graft n: transfer of skin or gingival epithelium in full thickness with little or no attached
subcutaneous tissue.
fully adjustable articulator n: an articulator that permits simulation and duplication of the 3-dimensional movements of recorded mandibular motion. See
also Class IV articulator.
fully adjustable gnathologic articulator n: an articulator that permits simulation and replication of
the 3-dimensional mandibular movements with the
added benefit of providing documented timing of
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