2016 Glossary - 38
with pain, redness, swelling, and possible loss of
function. Its purpose is to obliterate, dilute, or wall
off the harmful agent(s) and isolate the offended
tissue(s). It is both a cellular and vascular reaction to
localized tissue damage.
infrastructure n: a metal, ceramic, or resin framework
onto which a second framework or prosthesis will be
placed or attached using chemical or physical means.
in situ adj: in position; in the place where something is
occurring or has/does occurs.
intaglio n: (1) in dentistry, the interior surface of a denture; (2) a figure carved or engraved below the surface of a hard material such as stone that would yield
an image in relief from an impression taken of the
design; (3) something carved in intaglio.
interalveolar n: the area between the alveoli.
interalveolar crest n: the most coronal portion of the
interdental bony septum.
interalveolar septum n: alveolar and trabecular bony
partition between adjacent tooth sockets.
interarch distance n: the vertical distance between
the maxillary and mandibular arches at a specified
intercondylar adj: in dentistry refers to the area between the mandibular condyles.
interim dental implant n: a temporary dental implant that allows for the use of a provisional prosthesis. These temporary implants may also be used as
stents to guide tissue healing and prevent soft tissue
collapse into a healing surgical site. These implants
have smooth machined surface to allow easier removal. Also known as provisional dental implant.
interim endosteal dental implant abutment n: a
type of dental implant abutment used only for a limited time to guide healing or shaping of the adjacent
tissues and/or attachment of a transitional prosthesis.
interim prosthesis n: a prosthesis typically used before fabrication of a definitive dental or maxillofacial prosthesis. It can be fixed or removable and is
designed to enhance esthetics, stabilize teeth, or
improve function for a limited time. Such prostheses often help guide the clinician in designing the
appearance and function of the final prosthesis. Also
known as a provisional restoration.
intermaxillary adj: between the maxillary and mandibular jaws.
intermediate abutment n: a natural tooth or dental
implant located between terminal abutments that
provides added stability and retention for the fixed
or removable prosthesis.
internal connector n: a device of varying geometric
designs used to unite parts of a fixed partial denture.
internal derangement n: abnormal positioning of the
articular disc in relation to the condyle, fossa, or articular eminence; a deviation in form or function of
the joint capsule.
interocclusal adj: the working space between the occlusal surfaces of the opposing dental arches.
interocclusal clearance n: the space between opposing arches when the mandible is in the rest position;
also known as freeway space.
interocclusal record n: a record or registration of the
positional relationship of the teeth or jaw position.
interocclusal rest space n: the measured difference in
tooth position between vertical dimension of occlusion and vertical dimension at rest.
interstitial adj: positioned between parts or spaces of
a tissue envelope.
intrabony adj: within the bone; also known as infrabony.
intramucosal adj: found within the confines of mucosa; for example, submucosal inserts attached to removable appliances to add retention.
intraosseous adj: found within bone.
intrinsic coloring n: shading or actual coloring found
within the material of a restoration.
intrusion n: apical movement of a tooth beyond the
normal boundaries of a tooth-periodontal ligament
ipsilateral adj: belonging to or occurring on the same
side of the body.
isograft n: an allogenic graft transferred between monozygotic twins. Also known as isogeneic graft, syngraft.
If you would like to try to load the digital publication without using Flash Player detection, please click here.