2016 Glossary - 46

mush bite n: an obsolete slang term for a record of the
mandible in relation to the maxilla without using
baseplates but instead by using a nonrigid material
alone (ie, wax).
mutually protected articulation n: an occlusal
scheme where all the posterior teeth disocclude
during mandibular movements while the occlusion
is supported by the anterior teeth. At maximum intercuspation the posterior teeth reduce the occlusal
forces applied on the anterior teeth so the forces applied on the anterior teeth are not excessive.
myalgia n: a compound Greek word formed by the
word myo, which means muscle, and algos, which
means pain or soreness. It indicates pain in 1 or more
muscles.
mycoplasma n: a small cell often associated with adult
periodontitis in deep periodontal pockets. It characteristically lacks a cell wall.
mycotic adj: a clinical situation where fungus has been
attributed to an established infection or lesion.
mylohyoid concavity n: a fossa found in the molar region of the mandible that is inferior to the mylohyoid
line.
mylohyoid groove or canal n: groove (indentation) on
the medial surface of the ramus of the mandible beginning at the lingula; it houses the mylohyoid artery
and nerve.
mylohyoid region n: an obsolete term that refers to
the area on the lingual surface of the mandible that
contains the mylohyoid ridge and the attachment of
the mylohyoid muscle. It is part of the alveololingual
sulcus.
mylohyoid ridge n: where the mylohyoid muscle originates and attaches on the medial aspect of the body
of the mandible. It forms the floor of the mouth.
myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome n: a collection of medical and dental conditions represented
by chronic pain with numerous myofascial trigger
points (knots) and fascial constrictions. Characteristic traits of a myofascial trigger points include focal
point tenderness, reproduction of pain upon trigger-point palpation, hardening of the muscle upon
trigger point palpation, pseudo-weakness of the
46

involved muscle, referred pain, and limited range of
motion following continuous trigger-point pressure.
The temporomandibular joint and/or muscles of
mastication and related tissues can be affected.
myogenous pain n: deep somatic musculoskeletal
pain initiating in skeletal muscles, fascial sheaths, or
tendons. Myogenous pain associated with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) has usually been connected to hyperactivity or abnormal contraction of
masticatory muscles.
Myomonitor n: a digital electronic pulse generator expressly designed to provide a bilateral transcutaneous electrical neural stimulus for the stomatognathic
system. Developed as a means of applying electrical
stimulation for the purpose of providing muscle relaxation as a prerequisite to obtaining an occlusal
position and records.
myositis n: swelling or inflammation of muscle tissue
induced by the immune system, injury, or infection.
myostatic contracture n: shortening of a muscle resulting from a lack of nerve stimulation and movement.
myotonia n: a neuromuscular condition that demonstrates increased muscle irritability and contractility
accompanied by an impaired ability of the muscle to
relax.

N

asal grimace n: an oronasal compensatory
movement of the tissues of the nares that
occurs in response to palatopharyngeal insufficiency.
nasal prosthesis n: a prosthesis inserted into the nose
to restore those parts of the nose lost due to trauma,
amputation, cancer, or burns.
nasal septal prosthesis n: a prosthesis inserted into
the nose to occlude or plug a perforation or hole
within the nasal septum; also known as a nasal septal
button or plug.
nasal spine n: the forward prolongation of the left and
right maxillae forming a sharp bony extension at the
inferior margin of the anterior aperture of the nares.
nasal stent n: an intranasal prosthesis used to support
the form of the nose; commonly used to increase



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