2016 Glossary - 70

transcranial oblique radiograph n: a radiographic
view of the temporomandibular joint taken by projection from a superior position on the opposing
side of the skull.
transcutaneous electrical neural stimulation n:
application of intermittent electrical stimulation
through the skin to nearby nerves for the purpose
of relieving pain.
transepithelial adj: something that passes through
epithelium.
transepithelial abutment n: a slang term for a dental
implant abutment that attaches to a dental implant
and passes through the epithelium into the oral cavity.
transfer coping n: a thin cap used to accurately transfer the position of a die or analog into an impression.
transillumination n: examination of a body structure
by passing an intense light through it.
transit dose n: measurement of the amount of primary
radiation that has transmitted through (beyond) the
patient and is in line with the transmission axis of the
central ray.
transitional contour n: the shape that exists at the
point where a dental implant abutment and the corresponding dental implant body meet or join.
transitional denture n: a denture to which artificial
teeth are added when a natural tooth (teeth) are
removed or lost. This transitional denture is intended to serve as an interim prosthesis and may be replaced once the soft tissue has healed after tooth
(teeth) extraction.
translucency n: the quality of a substance that permits
light to partially pass through it. In dentistry, it refers
to giving the appearance of partial transparency that
allows for the natural shading of an artificial tooth
(teeth).
transmucosal n: portion of a dental implant that traverses through the mucosa and attached or unattached gingiva.
transosteal adj: transition of an object through the internal and external cortical plates of bone into and
beyond the oral cavity mucosa.
70

transosteal dental implant n: (1) a dental implant that
transverses inferior and superior cortical plates of
bone and passes through the full thicknesses of the
alveolar bone and oral cavity mucosa. (2) A dental
implant that achieves its foundational support from
the inferior border of the mandible. Additional support pins may penetrate the alveolar bone through
the inferior cortical plate of the bone or may penetrate inferior and superior cortical plates of the bone.
The support pins may exit into and beyond the oral
mucosa. This implant supports a dental prosthesis
and is usually limited to the symphysis of the mandible. Also known as a staple bone implant.
transplant n: (1) regarding tissue transplantation, it is
the removal of tissue from one person's body and
placing it in another person's body or the removal of
tissue from a donor site in one's own body and placing it in another location in one's body. The intent
is to replace the recipient's damaged, diseased, or
missing organ. (2) Regarding bone transplantation, it
is transporting bone tissue from one location of the
body to another part of the body, usually to increase
the volume of bone for latter implant placement; autogenous, or allographic.
transudate n: exudate fluid that passes through a tissue surface or membrane; usually associated with
inflammation.
transverse horizontal axis n: an imagined line about
which the mandible rotates within the sagittal plane.
transversion n: eruption of a tooth into a position naturally occupied by another; transposition of a tooth.
traumatism n: the physical condition consequential to
an injury or wound.
traumatogenic adj: having the ability to produce injury.
traumatogenic occlusion n: an obsolete term for a
malocclusion that can injure the occlusal tooth surface or supporting bone and/or soft tissue structures.
treatment denture n: a temporary dental prosthesis
used to support and retain tissue during the healing
phase in preparation for construction of the definitive prosthesis. See also interim prosthesis.



2016 Glossary

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