Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2016-2017 - 39
business planning guidance . "If you aren't educating
your management clients now, you're setting them up
for a nasty surprise in January 2020 ."
How can Part 135 air carriers convince their
managed aircraft owners that equipping for ADS-B
sooner rather than later is a smart move? What
benefits will an equipped aircraft - and its passengers
- receive? Read on to learn more about how to talk
about the ADS-B mandate with managed aircraft
Explain the U.S. mandate
By Jan . 1, 2020, aircraft operating in the majority of
airspace in the national airspace system used by Part
135 charter operators will be required to have ADS-B
equipment . §91 .225 outlines the specific airspace
requirements, but just assume the requirements apply
to your fleet . The regulations will require an upgrade
to or replacement of your transponder to be ADS-B
Out compliant . ADS-B, for all practical purposes, is
the 21st century technical standard for transponders
(that is, your aircraft's transponder will transmit more
data to other aircraft and ground facilities compared to
a vintage 1090 megahertz Mode S/ES transponder) .
ADS-B In, through which an aircraft receives location
of other aircraft, weather and other information, is not
technically required but should be considered to get the
most out of ADS-B technology .
"It's all about education," said Gary Harpster, a
longtime technical sales representative for Duncan
Aviation . "So many people we talk to think the FAA will
push back the timeline . The FAA has done that in the
past with other equipment requirements, but it is highly
unlikely to do so in this case . People ask, 'Will the FAA
really just ground us all?'"
Experts believe the Federal Aviation Administration
will stand by the mandate, which means that nonequipped aircraft - whether flying Part 91 or 135 - will
effectively be grounded if not ADS-B compliant on Jan .
1, 2020 .
Although technically the aircraft would still be legal
in some portions of the U .S . airspace, those areas
of airspace aren't commonly used by most Part 135
operators . The result of noncompliance will likely be
significantly restricted airspace and airport access .
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Emphasize the potential cost savings
Harpster encourages Part 135 operators and aircraft
owners to consider the FAA's ultimate goal with ADSB: greater precision from the cockpit that can lead to
decreased separation with the same or greater level
of safety as we have today . He said operators should
keep this in mind when making recommendations to
aircraft owners, asking not only "Will this particular
upgrade make me compliant with ADS-B?" but
also "Does this solution interface with my FMS and
autopilot? Will I have vertical and lateral precision
through Wide Area Augmentation System technology?"
Owners of aircraft equipped with ADS-B and WAAS,
enabling more vertical and lateral precision, are likely
to see some cost savings that will add up to real money
over time .
Consider the airspace along the East Coast of the
U .S . Air traffic controllers are sequencing international
aircraft, many of which are already equipped with ADSB, and domestic traffic, most of which is not equipped .
The better-equipped aircraft can benefit from closer
separation, which significantly improves efficiency while
raising the level of safety .
Decreased separation results in less holding and
maneuvering for spacing, which leads to fuel savings,
lower times per cycle and decreased hours of operation
overall . Passengers also will benefit from shorter flight
ADS-B-equipped aircraft also will be more likely to
benefit from more direct routing, including clearances
direct to specific airports or approach fixes, saving
time and fuel, since air traffic controllers will have more
precision location information on properly equipped
These cost- and time-savings will not be limited
to the East Coast though - any congested airspace
around busy airports, like those in Atlanta or Chicago,
also will benefit greatly from ADS-B and WAAS
The savings from these efficiencies will inevitably
compound over time, benefiting both aircraft owners
and charter passengers .
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