Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2016-2017 - 42
ADS-B FOR FLIGHT SCHOOLS:
MAKING THE CASE
TO EQUIP NOW
S T O R Y
L I N D S E Y
lthough most small flight schools haven't equipped
with Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast yet, some university flight departments now
have extensive experience with ADS-B-equipped aircraft and
are believers in the benefits of ADS-B .
"ADS-B is a go/no-go item for us," said Ken Byrnes, flight
chair of the flight department at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical
University . "It's essential equipment that literally saves lives ."
Read on for ADS-B lessons, including enhanced
safety, better management of training events and more
from ERAU, the University of Central Missouri and the
University of North Dakota .
On Jan . 1, 2020, the Federal Aviation Administration will
require all aircraft operating in U .S . airspace outlined in
§91 .225 to have ADS-B Out equipment - that is, Class A, B
and C airspace; Class E airspace within the 48 contiguous
states and the District of Columbia at and above 10,000 feet
mean sea level, excluding the airspace at and below 2,500
feet above the surface; Class E airspace at and above
3,000 feet MSL over the Gulf of Mexico from the coastline of
the U .S . out to 12 nautical miles; and around airports specified in Appendix D of Part 91 .
§§91 .225 and 9 .1227 set a minimum performance standard for the ADS-B transmitter and the position sources .
There are two aspects to ADS-B: ADB-B Out, which trans-
M C F A R R E N
mits aircraft information to ADS-B receivers, and ADS-B In,
which allows aircraft to receive information, including traffic,
weather and other information .
§91 .225 only requires ADS-B Out . However, most flight
training organizations with experience with ADS-B In are
staunch advocates of both ADS-B Out and ADS-B In .
1. Increased level of safety
Undoubtedly, the No . 1 reason to equip with ADS-B is to
enhance safety in flight training . UND's Grand Forks fleet of
60 Cessna 172s and 14 Piper Seminoles are all equipped
with ADS-B In, as are some Piper Arrows used for certified
flight instructor training and about half a dozen helicopters .
"See and avoid can only go so far," said Jeremy Roesler,
chief pilot at UND . "It's reactive and not proactive . ADS-B is
ERAU's Byrnes also knows the safety value of ADS-B .
After a midair collision in uncontrolled airspace in 1995
and another in 1998, ERAU conducted risk assessments,
coordinated practice areas with other local flight training
organizations and worked with area air traffic control entities
to determine a safer plan for the congested Daytona Beacharea airspace . The university conducted studies using Traffic
Collision Avoidance Systems and ADS-B, considered the
success of ADS-B in the Capstone program in Alaska, and
found ADS-B to the best solution, especially for the ERAU
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