Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2016-2017 - 44
ADS-B FOR FLIGHT SCHOOLS
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ment and choosing practice areas .
"Being able to actively manage your fleet is important,"
Byrnes said . "Also, if there is a report of an accident in the
area, our flight supervisor can quickly identify the location of
each aircraft ."
3. More effective search and rescue,
ADS-B helps authorities rapidly focus search and
rescue efforts in the event of an emergency, even if the
accident aircraft isn't equipped with ADS-B . The FAA and
the National Transportation Safety Board can use Traffic
Information Service - Broadcast data of equipped aircraft
in the accident area to narrow the search area and begin
rescue or recovery operations .
Data of non-accident aircraft also can be used to
reconstruct the scenario immediately prior to an accident,
which is useful for both search and rescue/recovery and
Investigation efforts can be much more efficient and
effective if the accident aircraft is equipped with ADS-B
compared to an accident aircraft without ADS-B . For
example, after one university aircraft had a hard landing
resulting in a propeller strike and runway excursion, the
university pulled the data from the aircraft and determined
the approach was high and fast, likely the result of the pilot
experiencing night illusion . This information was available
within minutes of the incident rather than after a lengthy
investigation . Not only did that save investigating entities'
resources, but it also allowed the university to share lessons from the incident with other students quickly, instead
of after a long investigation over several months .
4. Research and education uses
ADS-B can help flight training organizations and ATC
conduct research on everything from the best traffic pattern
for a particular runway to procedure development . ERAU
also is working on methods for using ADS-B-related data to
improve the quality and value of student debriefs .
5. Proactive community management
Flight training maneuvers typically occur in concentrated practice areas and at altitudes that can result in
noise complaints . Add multiple touch-and-goes, takeoffs
and landings, and practice approaches necessary in
flight training, and communities can become sensitive
to noise . ADS-B data can be used to verify students are
operating at appropriate altitudes and to inform concerned community members of legal and reasonable
operating altitudes .
In order to evaluate and manage flights near sensitive
areas, ERAU has experimented with "geometric fences ."
If an airplane penetrates that fenced area, an email is
sent to operations managers . The university says this
allows them to be proactive in avoiding noise or altitude
complaints in these sensitive areas and to be proactive when responding to community concerns . UND has
established similar "fences" but uses flight data monitoring to manage the areas .
MAKING THE CASE FOR ADS-B - NOW
Although no one wants to spend extra money on new
equipment, especially when considering the costs of
equipping a multi-aircraft flight training fleet, the flight
training experts with the most ADS-B experience agree:
The cost of not equipping - that is, the potential for a
serious accident - is too high to delay in seeking an
ADS-B solution for your fleet .
The ADS-B Out 2020 mandate is here to stay, and it's
prudent for flight training organizations to include equipage in their fleet planning during the next few years .
ADS-B Out solutions for general aviation aircraft can be
as reasonable as $2,000, plus labor . ADS-B Out and In
can be around $4,000 .
It's difficult to put a number on the safety, but a relatively inexpensive piece of equipment can save a life .
Emergency assistance can be provided to the pilot and
passengers of an aircraft involved in an accident while the
operation is still a "rescue" and not a "recovery ." The data
obtained through ADS-B can be used to improve training
scenarios, develop more efficient training plans and even
more effectively respond to community concerns .
Aside from the many benefits of ADS-B, equipping
sooner rather than later could save a flight training organization significant time and money . For the vast majority
of aircraft operating in the U .S ., ADS-B will not be optional equipment on Jan . 1, 2020 . Based on current numbers
of equipped aircraft - approximately 10 to 15 percent of
the total registered general aviation fleet - the next threeplus years will be busy ones for avionics shops, mechanics and repair stations . It's likely the increased demand
will result in higher costs for installation and longer
downtimes, which clearly has a negative impact on the
revenue earning potential of flight training aircraft .
The question for flight training organization owners and
managers isn't, "How much will ADS-B cost me?" The
question truly is, "What will waiting to equip cost me?"
The precise price of procrastination is unknown, but if
decision-makers weigh the benefits of ADS-B compared
to higher shop costs due to increased demand and lost
revenue through longer aircraft downtimes, postponing
ADS-B equipage is a potentially costly decision . q
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