Pilot's Guide to Avionics 2016-2017 - 48
Continued from page 47
To meet the minimum requirement for ADS-B Out,
aircraft must be equipped with:
An approved GPS receiver .
An ADS-B Out system (extended squitter or
universal access transceiver) .
Antennas for the GPS receiver and ADS-B Out
Owners can install a minimal ADS-B Out system to
meet requirements of the rule, or they can integrate
with "ADS-B In" avionics and displays to reap
additional benefits like cockpit displays that show free
traffic, weather and flight information.
When to equip with ADS-B Out
Aircraft owners should equip as soon as possible
to capture the benefits of ADS-B and ensure they will
be able to fly in designated airspace when the rule is
enforced on Jan . 1, 2020 . The FAA will not extend the
deadline beyond that date .
The agency estimates that between 100,000 and
160,000 general aviation aircraft will need to equip
with ADS-B Out . Unless equipage rates increase
now, installation shops could be overwhelmed during
the rush of the final two years. If too many operators
wait, suppliers and installers will not be able to keep
up with demand . This will result in a bottleneck
of long wait times and possibly higher installation
There are no obstacles now for owners to equip .
All standards for certification and operational
approvals have been in place since 2011 . Additional
guidance, such as operations specifications and
guidance for field approval, also has been published.
Approximately 1,100 certified repair stations are
ready to install ADS-B avionics .
FAA offers rebates for new ADS-B
To help avoid this last-minute rush and potential
bottlenecks, the FAA is offering a financial incentive
to owners of general aviation aircraft to encourage
compliance with the ADS-B rule .
The aircraft eligible for rebates are defined as U.S.registered, fixed-wing, single-engine piston aircraft.
In the fall of 2016, the agency will offer, on a firstcome, first-served basis, rebates of $500 to owners
of these aircraft, based on their purchase of avionics
that are certified to FAA Technical Standard Orders
and meet the requirements of the 2010 rule, and so
long as funding is available . An aircraft owner will be
limited to one $500 rebate .
Accelerating compliance with the 2010 rule is
critical to ensuring that pilots, manufacturers and
retail facilities have adequate time and capacity to
equip aircraft in a timely and efficient manner, ahead
of the 2020 regulatory deadline .
Based on the total funding available for this effort,
the agency will be able to distribute 20,000 rebates .
The FAA will issue rebates on a first-come, firstserved basis for one year after the program is
launched in fall 2016 or until all 20,000 rebates are
claimed, whichever comes first.
The FAA will not offer rebates for software
upgrades for aircraft already equipped, for new
aircraft, or for aircraft for which the FAA already has
paid or committed to upgrade .
Rebate program key elements
Timeframe: Approximately one year after the
program is launched in fall 2016 or until the funds
for all 20,000 rebates are exhausted, whichever
comes first .
Aircraft: Existing fixed-wing, single-engine piston
aircraft. Aircraft first registered after Jan. 1, 2016
(new aircraft) are not eligible .
Equipment: Avionics that are certified to
FAA Technical Standard Orders and meet the
requirements of the rule (14 CFR paragraphs
91 .225 and 91 .227) . Software upgrades of existing
equipment are not eligible . Rebates are not available
for aircraft already equipped or for which the FAA
already has paid or committed to upgrade .
Proof of equipage: Within 60 days of the planned
installation date, aircraft must be flown in "rule
airspace" as defined in 14 CFR 91.225 for a minimum
of 30 minutes with at least 10 aggregate minutes of
maneuvering . In Alaska, Guam, Hawaii and Puerto
Rico, flight of an Eligible Aircraft above 10,000 feet MSL
and within FAA ADS-B coverage will qualify as meeting
the airspace requirements of this program, even though
this airspace is not included in 14 CFR §91 .225 .
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