AEA Pilot's Guide 2019-2020 - 78

HEAD-UP FLYING

Continued from page 77

ogy contributed to the development of smaller systems using
different projection approaches and display plates.
These systems' smaller siz es make them suitable for
installation in the cockpits of business-turbine aircraft down
to light jets and turboprops. But these newer-technology
systems provide benefits beyond being smaller, lighter and
less power-hungry.
Rockwell Collins, now Collins Aerospace, led the way into
use of the new technology when it unveiled its HGS-3500
back in 2011. The self-contained, lightweight HGS-3500 uses
LED illumination and eliminates the typical overhead-mounted
projector. Using substrate guided optics, the HGS-3500 projects the forward field of view through the head-up display by
way of an optical waveguide.
First certification of the HGS-3500 - and a companion
EVS-3000 EVS sensor - came in 2016 for launch customer
Embraer in its Legacy 450 and Legacy 500.
Many folks might want to hit the pause button here. The
450 and larger 500 share an airframe, differing in length by
only 4 feet, as well as range and capacity. But neither Legacy
model is exactly a small jet.
Compared to other jets in its weight range - both in
between 35,000 and 38,000 pounds at takeoff - the Brazilian
airframes sport cockpits much smaller than their contemporaries from other OEMs.
The HGS-3500 answered Embraer' s desire to give the two
Legacies - and their follow-on Praetor 500 and Praetor 600
models - the most cutting-edge cockpit possible. The HGS
and EVS sensor work together to fulfill that goal.
At its launch in 2011, Rockwell Collins noted its plans to
continue shrinking the HGS-3500 to work in the cockpit of
today's popular single-engine turboprops, such as the Daher
TBM line - 700 through 940 models - Piper M600 and Pilatus
PC-12 and its twin-jet stablemate, the PC-24.
Limitations for the HGS/ EVS combination: It needs to mate
with Collins' Pro Line Fusion integrated avionics package.
Now at an estimated $150,000 installed, this enhanced flight
vision system package is proving attractive to operators flying
behind Pro Line Fusion panels, and other certifications will
expand access to the HGS-3500.
In October 2018, Universal Avionics, an Elbit Systems
Company, took HUD technology to another level when it introduced its head-up, head-down flight deck system at the NBAA
Convention & Exhibition with the integration of the InSight
Display System and Elbit Systems' SkyLens wearable headup display. This product offers a wearable HUD to the retrofit
market and, according to the company, reduces workload in
critical flight phases by allowing the operator to program the
FMS looking out the window while flying the aircraft.

"The integration of UA's InSight and Elbit Systems'
SkyLens takes this technology into a new level of functionality which the market has never seen before," said
Dror Yahav, Elbit Systems' vice president of commercial
aviation, who was later named Universal's chief executive officer. "Leveraging the fact that these two systems
are now owned by the same design house and company
enables us to bring the augmented reality trend into the
aviation world so operators can receive full flight management information generated by the FMS, superimposed
on the real world."
For aircraft slower and lighter, systems are beginning
to emerge to help spread the benefits of the modern HUD
down into the realm of piston singles.
Options are growing
A number of avionics companies offer retrofit systems
for light aircraft, systems rated highly enough that at least
one airframe maker offers the system as an option for
owners of its aircraft.
Here's a brief sample from a few AEA members. Other
systems worth checking out are also available for retrofit
in light-piston aircraft, both type certificated and experimental, amateur-built aircraft.
Garmin's GHD 2100 HUD
In May 2017, Garmin unveiled its launch into the HUD
market, the Garmin Head-up Display 2100 - designated
the GHD 2100.
Garmin' s engineers designed the GHD 2100 for
business-turbine aircraft in the light, midsize and supermidsize categories. The sole display unit integrates a selfcontained projection system delivering a 30-degree-wide
by 24-degree-vertical field of view.
One unusual feature in the GHD 2100 is a " simplistic
control interface" with "intelligent dimming. This feature
lets the GHD 2100 adjust automatically to ambient light
to help the pilot focus on flying the aircraft." Garmin also
gave the GHD 2100 a declutter mode to let the pilot
choose how much data the HUD displays.
The information displayed by the GHD 2100 matches
the symbology Garmin uses on its PFDs. Flight data
available includes all the critical information shown on
Garmin PFDs; conformal attitude and flight path overlaying the real-world view outside the windshield; flight plan
and navigation information; autopilot modes; master
warning/caution annunciations; and synthetic vision
technology.
According to Garmin, since the synthetic vision image
echoes the pilot view outside the cockpit, on a clear day,
pilots have an easier time making the transition from flying
with the GHD, to the flight display - or the outside view.

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AEA Pilot's Guide 2019-2020

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