AEA Pilot's Guide 2020-2021 - 57

Marine UH-1
Already in service with the Army, the U.S. Marine Corps
selected the UH-1B as an assault support helicopter. Later
modified, it became the UH-1E and replaced Cessna O-1
(L-19 Bird Dog) fixed-wing aircraft used for liaison and
observation, and Kaman OH-43D helicopters of German
design origins.
Navy UH-1
The U.S. Navy acquired UH-1B/C helicopters from
the Army, and these aircraft were modified into gunships
with special gun mounts and radar altimeters. They were
known as "Seawolves" with the Navy and served in river
patrol operations.
Air Force UH-1
The U.S. Air Force added later UH-1F and UH-1P models to its inventory. The Air Force also used the UH-1N for
support of intercontinental ballistic missile sites, including
transport of security personnel and distinguished visitors.
As recently as September 2018, the Boeing/Leonardo MH139 (an AgustaWestland AW139 variant) won a competition
to replace the UH-1Ns.
"D" is for Dornier
Dornier Flugzeugwerke, the now defunct German
aircraft manufacturer, under license by Bell built the slightly
customized UH-1 D helicopter from 1967 to 1981 for the
Bundeswehr (German military). Original plans were to
deliver a total of 406. These constructions saw service with
the German Army and German Air Force in light utility roles
and in SAR operations. Other variants of the UH-1 were
built under contract in Italy, Japan and Taiwan.
The UH-1 D's engines were produced by Motoren- und
Turbinen-Union GmbH (Motor and Turbine Union, a German company), now MTU Aero Engines of Munich. The
85-year-old company was originally founded as BMW Flugmotorenbau GmbH (Flight engines construction). Today,
MTU is a global provider of commercial and military engine
and maintenance services, and a partner to industry leaders GE, Pratt & Whitney and Rolls-Royce.
The Dornier UH-1 D has a spacious cabin with seating up
to 15, or six stretchers and a medic. It can be loaded quickly
through its large sliding doors and has a high carrying capacity. Also capable of performing an attack role, the German
Army, or Deutsches Heer, however, used the UH-1 D almost
exclusively for transport purposes. Considered among the
safest of aircraft, it was used by Germany's federal president,
chancellor, and other government ministers and members.

Utility helicopter workload reduction
LaFollette elaborated on why the Huey panel retrofit: "The
term situational awareness gets thrown around a lot, but I
think that nails exactly what we were going after. With the
G3X and the ability to display traffic, weather and airspace
via one quick touch, this greatly reduces the pilot workload.
Especially when operating a helicopter, all of your body parts
are being used mostly all of the time. Things that get taken
for granted like changing comms or typing in a frequency
are no big deal in an airplane, at certain times in a helicopter
can be a very big deal. We went from a single comm that
used rotary-style switching to two digital smart comms with
standby frequencies that, just about know what frequency
you want and loads it in for you. The synthetic vision is a
huge help. With Garmin's helicopter obstacle database, it
has more detailed terrain and a large amount of power lines
that are overlaid on the screen.
"We typically fly with two pilots; however, now that the
panel has been completed, single-pilot operations are a
breeze. When we did the panel mod, we were able to lay
out the engine gauges in the order that we wanted and
moved the really important instruments right in front of
the pilot's view. Another example is our starting clock. In
the old cockpit, we had to wind it up to make the second
hand start moving, then push a button to activate it for our
40-second start limit. Now we use a Mid-Continent Instruments and Avionics clock/timer/USB charger, and it's a
very easy one-button start."
Retiring after 60 years of service
As early as 1967, the UH-1B/C Huey was being replaced by the Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter. Huey gunships were rendered impractical by the increasing intensity
and sophistication of anti-aircraft defenses. In 1979, the
U.S. Army relegated the UH-1 primarily to support Army
Aviation training and Army National Guard units at the
introduction of the Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk. The UH-1
was ultimately retired from the Army in 2016.
Devotees of the UH-1 in a gunship role extol its ability to
act as an impromptu "Dustoff" - a call sign for emergency
patient evacuation of casualties from a combat zone. The
Huey is also commended for its superior observational
capabilities, notably its large cabin, which allowed return
fire from door gunner positions. During the 1972 Easter
Offensive by North Vietnam, UH-1s equipped with TOW
launchers (Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided
anti-tank missiles) were given the nickname "Hawk's Claw."
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AEA Pilot's Guide 2020-2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of AEA Pilot's Guide 2020-2021

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AEA Pilot's Guide 2020-2021 - Cover3
AEA Pilot's Guide 2020-2021 - Cover4
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